Hippocratic Oath

I swear in the presence of the Almighty and before my family, my teachers and my
peers that according to my ability and judgment I will keep this Oath and

To reckon all who have taught me this art equally dear to me as my parents and in
the same spirit and dedication to impart a knowledge of the art of medicine to
others. I will continue with diligence to keep abreast of advances in medicine. I will
treat without exception all who seek my ministrations, so long as the treatment of
others is not compromised thereby, and I will seek the counsel of particularly skilled
physicians where indicated for the benefit of my patient.

I will follow that method of treatment which according to my ability and judgment, I
consider for the benefit of my patient and abstain from whatever is harmful or
mischievous. I will neither prescribe nor administer a lethal dose of medicine to any
patient even if asked nor counsel any such thing nor perform act or omission with
direct intent deliberately to end a human life. I will maintain the utmost respect for
every human life from fertilization to natural death and reject abortion that
deliberately takes a unique human life.

With purity, holiness and beneficence I will pass my life and practice my art. Except
for the prudent correction of an imminent danger, I will neither treat any patient
nor carry out any research on any human being without the valid informed consent
of the subject or the appropriate legal protector thereof, understanding that
research must have as its purpose the furtherance of the health of that individual.
Into whatever patient setting I enter, I will go for the benefit of the sick and will
abstain from every voluntary act of mischief or corruption and further from the
seduction of any patient.

Whatever in connection with my professional practice or not in connection with it I
may see or hear in the lives of my patients which ought not be spoken abroad I will
not divulge, reckoning that all such should be kept secret.
While I continue to keep this Oath unviolated may it be granted to me to enjoy life
and the practice of the art and science of medicine with the blessing of the Almighty
and respected by my peers and society, but should I trespass and violate this Oath,
may the reverse be my lot.